AUSTRALIA’S ONLY SUPPLIER OF GENUINE LONE PINE DESCENDENT TREES.
PLEASE NOTE: As of November 2018 we are currently out of stock of all trees.
This website currently remains up as a source of information only.
We thank everyone who supported the Lone Pine Trees project. Trees have been supplied to RSLs, leading parks and gardens, universities, schools, private gardens and cemeteries across Australia.
Enquiries have included sons of veterans from the Battle of Lone Pine - who it was a privilege to meet.
One enquiry from Alice Springs was following up on an old soldier’s Will request - “Bury me under a Lone Pine”.
Unfortunately quarantine restrictions meant we could not supply to WA and Tasmania.
What is a true Lone Pine?
We are the only supplier of genuine Lone Pines (Pinus brutia) to the public.
That is, direct descendents of the Lone Pine tree that stood at the Lone Pine battle site in 1915.
Gallipoli Lone Pine Trees started as a project to preserve the line of genuine descendent trees - not for mass production or a commercial exercise.
IMPORTANT TO NOTE: The vast majority of trees sold to the public in Australia, described as ‘Lone Pines’ are actually not descended from the true Lone Pine. The trees usually available are Pinus halepensis. These trees are a different species to the tree that stood on Lone Pine Ridge in 1915.
WHY ARE THERE DIFFERENT SPECIES OF ‘LONE PINE’? There are good reasons - details are described below. It’s simple provenance.
The Real Thing.
A limited number of Gallipoli Lone Pine descendant trees have been released for sale.
A unique connection to Gallipoli.
Propagated from seeds from the iconic Lone Pine tree (Pinus brutia) at the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne. This tree was removed in 2012.
Some of our trees are from the 'sister' tree, planted at Wattle Park, 1933. The oldest surviving 'true' Lone Pine.
Young trees (15 yrs. old) are approx. 1.5m height.
Price: $400.00 ex Melbourne.
DELIVERY: Delivery fee for inner Melbourne $20. Outer Melbourne metro $50. Can ship regional & interstate - fee based on destination. We do not export to Western Australia and Tasmania (restricted plant species).
SALES ENQUIRY: 0439 475 055 or email@example.com
We are a leading supplier of trees to Australian schools. Parks and gardens with our trees include historic North Sydney and Parramatta Parks.
Pinus brutia trees will always be limited.
GENUINE LONE PINE TREES (Pinus brutia) ARE VERY RARE.
Germinating seed from the descendant trees (Pinus brutia) is difficult. This is because an exotic tree species, grown in isolation (with few, or no partner trees in the district) does not get the cross pollination needed for fertility. It appears the older the tree is, the more likely the seeds with fail.
AUSTRALIAN GEOGRAPHIC STUDY
Australian Geographic Magazine explains the Lone Pine provenance issue in an article displayed on our Blog Page: http://www.lonepinetrees.com/blog/
Most trees described as 'Lone Pine descendant’ trees in Australia are not descended from the tree that stood on Lone Pine Ridge in 1915. Many trees have been planted inadvertently over the years at memorials. Most so-called 'Lone Pine' trees supplied in Australia are offspring derived from other sources and other species. Usually, the non-genuine trees are Pinus halepensis. If it says 'halepensis' on the tag the tree is not a real Lone Pine.
Many 'halipensis' trees are descended from pine cones originally taken from Turkish trench logs brought into Gallipoli by Turkish trench builders - i.e. the cones were NOT from the Lone Pine tree that stood on Lone Pine Ridge in 1915. As well as this, other ‘Gallipoli’ stock for sale in Australia may be sourced from trees growing at or near Gallipoli today, not at all related to the actual battle at Lone Pine, 1915.
The trees we supply however, are genuine descendants of the tree that stood on the ridge at Lone Pine, 1915.
Lone Pine battle site.
"Nothing was as bad as Lone Pine" - Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead. Lone Pine veteran. Commander of the Australian 9th Division, 'Rats' of Tobruk.
The Battle of Lone Pine took place between August 6 and 10 in 1915 during the eight month Allied Gallipoli Campaign. Known as Plateau 400 or Lone Pine at Gallipoli, the fortified ridge position was marked by a single pine tree at the top.
Sgt. Keith McDowell of the Australian 23rd. Battalion retrieved a cone from the actual Lone Pine tree’s blasted branches. Sgt. McDowell carried the cone for the rest of the war and on his return to Australia gave it to his aunt at Grassmere near Warrnambool in Victoria.
In June 1933 a tree propagated from the cone was planted at the Shrine of Remembrance in the Kings Domain in Melbourne. This iconic Lone Pine lasted for decades but was removed in 2012 after storm damage and failing health.
A rare opportunity.
Propagation of seeds originating from the genuine Lone Pine occurred at various times by the Department of Natural Resources, Melbourne Parks & Gardens and Legacy. Over the years trees were released on application to organisations, as memorials.
Lone Pine genuine descendant trees are rarely available to the public. During a storm in 2002 when a large bough fell from the tree at the Shrine of Remembrance we saved seeds with the intention of growing the pines as windbreaks on a family cattle property. But when the extreme rarity of genuine Lone Pines became clearer it was decided to also release the trees for sale. Our customers include gardeners who appreciate unique trees, managers of parks and gardens, schools, RSL groups, and those with a family connection to Gallipoli including Australians with Turkish heritage.
Why are there 2 species of ‘Lone Pines’?
Lone Pine memorial trees in Australia descend from 2 lines. Both originate from the battle site.
But only one variety is from the actual tree which stood on Lone Pine Ridge at Gallipoli.
This has happened because 2 soldiers salvaged pine cones from Lone Pine Ridge. But only one cone was from the actual Lone Pine tree.
Sergeant Keith McDowell, a Victorian, of the 23rd Battalion, collected a pine cone from the remains of the actual Lone Pine (Pinus brutia). He brought the cone home and gave it to his Aunt. This provided the seeds for the Melbourne Shrine of Remembrance tree.
New South Welshman, Lance Corporal Benjamin Charles Smith of the 3rd Battalion collected a pine cone from one of the roofing logs used in the fortification, which provided seeds for descendant trees propagated and grown in New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory and New Zealand. These trees are Pinus halepensis, not native to the Gallipoli Peninsula.
A study by botanists*, (New Zealand botanist Mike Wilcox and Australian forestry scientists David Spencer and Roger Arnold) featured in Australian Geographic Magazine in 2011, confirmed that the Melbourne Shrine of Remembrance tree is indeed Pinus brutia, native to the Gallipoli Peninsula. The true 'Lone Pine'.
The study also found the Lone Pine tree at the Australian War Museum (in Canberra) is a different species - an Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis), native to other parts of the Mediterranean. It is concluded that many of the roofing beams or logs at Lone Pine (which provided Benjamin Smith’s New South Wales cone) had been hurriedly shipped in for fortifications from somewhere else in Turkey, or the Mediterranean. Beams like these were dragged apart during the storming of the ridge, to get access to the trenches.
These findings don’t affect the various Lone Pine memorial trees’ symbolic significance. Regardless of species or location, the trees stand as a commemoration of lives lost, of the bond between Australia and New Zealand, and a symbol of friendship between the Australian and Turkish people.
The findings confirm however that the Gallipoli Lone Pine trees listed here are true descendants of the original Lone Pine at Lone Pine Ridge.
Other trees being offered for sale in Australia are likely to be Allepo Pines (Pinus halepensis) from stocks in the ACT and NSW, and are not descendants of the original Lone Pine tree. Pine trees from Yarralumla Nursery in ACT are in this category - i.e. originally sourced from a log used in trench construction*.
*Source: Australian Geographic Magazine, 11/10/2011.
Growing Pinus brutia
The original tree was on a dry sandy ridge exposed to extreme coastal conditions. “A small ragged pine tree standing out very gauntly” (Major Athelstan Markham, 2nd Field Company of Engineers).. But the species grows large. The tree needs a lot of space, growing in maturity to a width of 25 ft. (8m) and a height of up to 60 ft. (18m) depending on soil type and conditions. Native to Turkey, it is full sun tolerant and frost hardy. Ideally suited for large or rural garden.
Pinus brutia is a popular international ornamental tree, planted in parks and gardens around the world in dryer locations, where its considerable heat and drought tolerance is valued.